Wednesday, 20 June 2018

3 ways to make your hair grow fuller and longer


According to hair myths, adding relaxer to your hair will make your hair automatically grow longer and fuller. On the contrary, relaxed hair still requires effort and attention to achieve growth and fluff.
  1. Granted that shrinkage is one of the issues naturalistas deal with, relaxers, however, rid the hair of that problem. That said, relaxers can also cause shedding and breakage if not properly applied. Which is why we have curated a list of steps to take to make your hair grow longer and fuller.
1. Protective styling

Protective styles secure hair tips and prevent breakage and frizz. Similarly, braids, weaves and styling protect relaxed hair from external damage. Additionally, when relaxing, you should keep the relaxer away from the tips.
2. Moisturize

We can’t overstate the importance of moisture on your hair. Essentially, you should treat your hair well regardless of how you choose to grow it. Deep conditioning, frequent washes, and moisture are essential to achieving quick growth.
3. Scalp Massage

Massaging the scalp stimulates the hair follicles which consequently induces hair growth. Apart from stimulating growth, scalp massages relieve stress and also make the hair fuller.
- zumi.ng

Monday, 18 June 2018

10 tips to get flat tommy

 

How to get a flat tummy? Top 10 tips for flat stomach
Many people yearn for a flat and toned tummy, but sometimes they find that no amount of effort seems to pay off. Well, it could be that with just a few changes to your lifestyle and taking a slightly different approach to your exercises, you could achieve the flat stomach that you have been looking for. Here are ten simple tips to help you get a flat and well-toned stomach.
1. Don’t forget the cardio
No amount of targeted stomach exercises is going to burn the belly fat any faster than general cardio workouts will. Aerobic exercise burns over 65% more calories than resistance training does, so make sure that you are building enough cardio into your workout program.
2. Eat plenty of fibre
Another tip on how to get a flat tummy is to eat plenty of fibre. Increasing your intake of fibre can have a dramatic positive effect on the size of your tummy. Eat more fruit and fibre, because that fills you up fast, but doesn’t add inches to your waistline. Fibre also helps your body process waste faster and helps remove fat from your system.
3. Make sure you are exercising correctly
One of the reasons that you might not be losing weight from around your middle, is that you aren’t doing the exercises correctly. The effectiveness of repetitive exercises is as much to do with the quality, as it is with quantity. Get advice from a personal trainer, if exercising doesn’t seem to be achieving any results.
4. Cut out soda
Next tip on how to get a flat tummy is to cut out soda. Even diet soda is not going to help you achieve a fat belly. All those bubbles are going to make you bloat and there is also evidence that drinking diet soda can actually increase sugar cravings, so that might be a problem too.
5. Eat the right kinds of fat
Refined sugars and processed food will cause the insulin levels in your blood to increase and this can stimulate the production of belly fat. When you eat the good fats, which you find in things like nuts, olive oil and fish, they can help break up the bad fats, while still giving you all the essential nutrients that your body needs.
6. Cut out the alcohol
Another important tip on how to get a flat tummy is to cut out the alcohol. We might be sounding like a complete killjoy here, but your glass of wine with a meal could be a part of the reason that you can’t get a flat tummy. Alcohol contains nothing but useless calories, and it is known to raise cortisol levels as well, which will send the fat straight to your abdominal region.
7. Cut down on salt
Next suggestion on how to get a flat tummy is to cut down on salt. Hide the salt shaker and lay off the pretzels, because too much salt will make you retain water, which can make you bloat. Most food has enough salt in it already, so if you add more, you will get more salt than you really need.
8. De-stress and get more sleep
It has been proven in numerous studies that, when people are tired, they reach for comfort foods. Try and make sure that you get a good night’s sleep and try and to relax more too. Stress causes the body to produce more cortisol, which can make you gain weight.
9. Check your posture
You could be making your tummy look larger, just by the way that you stand. So our next tip on how to get a flat tummy is to check yourself in a mirror, pull back your shoulders and stand tall and proud. You will find that simply standing up straight will make you look slimmer and it will be better for your back too!
10. Look after your tummy!
Despite all the advertisements you may have seen, there is no one simple way to get a flat tummy overnight. You need cardio to burn the fat, abdominal exercises to tone and firm the muscles and, probably most important of all, you need to eat the right food.
How to get a flat tummy? What are your best tips for flat stomach?
beautyandtips.com

Top 10 ways to get rid of bad mouth odour

 

1. Brush your teeth twice a day
For most people, bad breath is caused by bacteria in the mouth. To remove the bacteria, brush your teeth thoroughly every morning and every night. Take your time when you brush teeth and be sure that you get to all those hard to get to places as well. If you rush the job, you will leave some bacteria behind and they will breed and create more bad odours.
2. Floss
Another important tip on how to cure bad breath is to floss. A lot of people believe that brushing and using a mouthwash will be enough, but you do need to floss as well. Plaque and bacteria can build up between the teeth and cause bad breath and gum disease. Floss daily and don’t forget your back teeth when you do it. If you don’t believe that flossing will help, take a whiff of your floss when you have finished and you’ll see just how important flossing can be.
3. Brush your tongue
Next important tip on how to cure bad breath, as well as brushing your teeth and flossing, is to brush your tongue. Bacteria can accumulate on your tongue and that could be the cause of your and breath. You can buy toothbrushes that have a tongue scraper on the back, or you could just brush your tongue gently with your toothbrush or a tablespoon.
4. Drink more water
Bad breath can also be caused by a dry mouth, so drink more water throughout the day and that will help to keep bad odours at bay. As well as helping to flush the bacteria out of your mouth, water will help to remove any food particles that may have become trapped between your teeth.
5. Avoid eating strongly flavoured foods
There are certain foods that are well known for causing bad breath. So our next tip on how to cure bad breath is to avoid things like garlic, onion, and spicy foods and cut down on how much coffee you drink as well. Some foods, like garlic and onions, stay in your system for quite some time, so you can still smell the odour hours after you have eaten.
6. Chew sugar-free gum
Sugar free gum will help to mask bad breath and it will also make your mouth release saliva, which will flush the bacteria away. Gum also helps to remove food particles from your mouth, which could be what is causing your bad breath. It’s not advisable to chew gum all day long, though, because that can cause problems with your jaw.
7. Treat upset stomachs
If you have been suffering with an upset stomach then that could be the cause of your bad breath. Over the counter remedies will soon soothe indigestion or heartburn. If they don’t, you should see your doctor, because there may be other underlying issues that are causing the problem.
8. Eat yoghurt
The nasty smell that we call bad breath is created by the chemical hydrogen sulphide. In a study that was published in MSN Health, researchers had found that a daily serving of yoghurt will help to reduce the levels of hydrogen sulphide being produced in your mouth. It also helps to reduce plaque and bacteria, and it will fight gum disease too.
9. Eat crunchy foods
Another good tip on how to cure bad breath is to eat crunchy foods. Raw fruit and vegetables that are crunchy will remove any trapped food from between your teeth and rub off bacteria that might have accumulated on them. Foods like raw carrots, celery, and apples will all do a good job of this. You could also try drinking tea because both black and green tea, kill off the bacteria that cause bad breath.
10. Quit smoking
Smoking is bad for you in so many ways and here’s just one more reason to quit the habit. Quite apart from the lingering smell of tobacco smoke that it creates, smoking also dries up your mouth and interferes with the production of saliva. That means that bacteria can breed more quickly and you will have smoky breath and the nasty smell of hydrogen sulphide.
beautyandtips.com

Sunday, 17 June 2018

5 symptoms you are pregnant with twins

 

Quick Bites:
  • One of the early signs is extreme morning sickness
  • Bleeding and spotting is more frequent
  • The mother wiill always feel hungry
  • More than normal weight gain can tell if you are carrying twins
Early pregnancy symptoms in mothers with twins are different from those of normal pregnancy. If you are pregnant with twins, you need to be take extra care.
Twin pregnancies are quite different from normal pregnancies. There are higher chances of premature delivery and lower birth weight. Normal pregnancy symptoms are exaggerated in twin pregnancy.
Extreme Morning Sickness
One of the early signs of pregnancy with twins is extreme morning sickness. More than fifty percent of women start experiencing nausea at the early stage of their pregnancy.  A woman carrying twins experience more morning sickness than other pregnant women.

Bleeding and Spotting

A pregnant woman is more likely to experience spotting. You will notice pink and brown spots which are extremely normal. If your bleeding is not accompanied by fever and red blood spots there is no reason to panic.

Weight Gain

Weight gain in twin pregnancy is more than the normal pregnancy. this is due to an obvious reason that you are carrying two babies with two placentas and more amniotic fluid. On an average normal weight gain in pregnancy is 25 pounds while in the twin pregnancy it can range between 30 to 35 pounds.

Two Heart Beats

Hearing the heart beat of one's baby for the first time is the most memorable experience for every parent. During your prenatal visit you can hear your baby’s heart beat through a Doppler system. By the ninth week of pregnancy the heart beat of the twins can be separately heard. However, it is not that easy as sometimes they can’t be identified separately.

Hunger Pangs

One of the most evident twin pregnancy symptoms is that you will always feel hungry. In twin pregnancy, woman with twin need to eat more than a woman with normal pregnancy. If you are pregnant with twins you will constantly feel hungry.
Women in their 30s and 40s are more likely to become pregnant with twins. This is because as you get older, the ovulatory cycles become fewer. At this stage, there are more chances that two follicles are ovulated at the same time.
- onlymyhealth.com

8 energy-boosting herbs and roots

Energy-boosting herbs and roots

Coffee and sugar can boost energy and strength. However, the following herbs and roots are natural alternatives to coffee and sugar as an energizer.
  1. Chinese ginseng – Chinese ginseng is widely known as an adaptogen that is often used to improve longevity, raise energy levels, and strengthen the immune system. “Adaptogens” are a potent type of energizing herbs that help the body “adapt to stress and resist fatigue.” Adaptogens is a proven overall vitality and energy levels booster.
  2. Ginkgo biloba – Ginkgo biloba is a poular herb and is often called the “brain herb” because of its positive effects on cognitive function. This herb called Gingko biloba can help boost brain activity and sharpen focus and memory.
  3. Guarana – Guarana extract comes from the Brazilian native plant Paullinia cupana. This extract can boost mental focus and energy and also helps improve the speed of short-term memory.
  4. Maca root – Maca root can help to improve sexual performance. Is another adaptogen plant/herb endemic to Peru, has potent libido and energy-boosting properties. Maca root can help improve learning, memory, mental function, and physical performance.
  5. Rhodiola rosea – This is another adaptogen plant that can boost both endurance and strength. R. rosea can enhance performance and speed up workout recovery. This plant can even reduce inflammation and address stress-related fatigue and depression.
  6. Schizandra berry – Schizandra berries are one-of-a-kind energy boosters that also have herbal adaptogenic properties. Schizandra can improve mental performance, and it is an effective antioxidant.
  7. Tongkat ali – Eurycoma longifolia or tongkat ali is ideal if you think stress is depleting your energy levels. Tongkat ali can help improve your mood and other stress parameters such as tension. It can also make it easier to deal with the effects of daily chronic stressors. Additionally, tongkat ali can boost libido and release testosterone.
  8.  Yerba mate – Yerba mate tea is brewed from the dried leaves of the Ilex paraguariensis plant. The tea is popular in South America, where it is in demand thanks to its vitality-enhancing effects. Yerba mate contains more antioxidants than green tea and it is linked to enhanced metabolism and physical performance. It can also suppress the appetite and help the body burn stored fat for energy.

Saturday, 16 June 2018

6 natural compounds, foods, herbs, and nutrients that can help regenerate body tissues

 It is very hard for tissues and nerves in our body to rejuvenate if damaged. Listed below are natural compounds, foods, herbs, and nutrients that can help regenerate tissues in the body.

1. Neuritogenic compounds – For nerve regeneration, there is a wide variety of natural compounds with proven nerve-regeneration effects. A 2010 study published in the journal Rejuvenation Research found that a combination of blueberry, green tea, and carnosine have neuritogenic effects – such as promoting neuronal regeneration, and stem-call regenerative effects – in an animal model of neurodegenerative disease. 


List of 15 foods that have proven neuritogenic natural compounds include 

1curcumin, 
2. lion’s mane mushroom, 
3. ginseng, 
4. huperzine, 
5. natto, 
6. red sage, 
7. resveratrol,
8. royal jelly, 
9.theanine, 
10. ashwaganda, 
11. coffee, and
12. apigenin, which can be found in vegetables like celery.

13.  blueberry, 
14. green tea, and 
15. carnosine:

2.  Remyelinating compounds – Another class of nerve-healing substances called remyelinating compounds can stimulate the repair of the protective sheath around the axon of the neurons called myelin, which is frequently impaired in neurological injury and/or dysfunction.

3. Liver regenerative compounds – Natural compounds for liver regeneration include glycyrrhizin, which is found in licorice and can be used as a potent anti-SARS agent. The compound can also prompt the regeneration of liver mass and function, based on a study in an animal model of hepatectomy. 

Top 6 liver regenerative compounds include 

1. curcumin, 
2. Korean ginseng,
3. rooibos
4. vitamin E, and
5. carvacrol, which can be found in oregano.
6. Licorice

4. Beta-cell regenerative compounds – Beta-cells are responsible for storing and releasing insulin. They are destroyed in insulin-dependent diabetes. Thus, restoration of these cells may theoretically restore the health of a diabetes patient. 

Top 12 Foods and nutrients that are known to regenerate beta-cells.

1. Gymenna sylvestre, 
2. nigella sativa,
3. vitamin D, 
4. curcumin,
5. arginine, 
6. avocado, 
7. berberine, 
8. bitter melon, 
9. chard, 
10. corn silk,
11. stevia, and 
12. sulforaphane 

5. Neocardiogenic substances – Neocardiogenic substances is a class of heart-tissue regenerating compounds. These compounds are said to stimulate the formation of cardiac progenitor cells which can differentiate into healthy heart tissue. 

5 Nutrients and compounds that improve heart health 

1. resveratrol, 
2. Siberian ginseng, 
3. red wine extract,
4. Geum japonicum, and 
5. n-acetyl-cysteine belong to this class.

6. Joint and spine regenerating compounds – Curcumin and resveratrol enhance recovery from a spinal cord injury, while 

9 top herbs that help to prevent and/or treat degenerative joint diseases like osteoarthritis.
1. aloe vera, 
2. boswellia,
3. cat’s claw, 
4. eucalyptus, 
5. ginger, 
6. green tea, 
7. thunder god vine, 
8. turmeric, and
9. willow bark 

Friday, 15 June 2018

Cinnamomum cassia twigs may provide anti-cancer effects

According to a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Cinnamomum cassia twigs may provide anti-cancer effects.
The researchers from the National Institute of Forest ScienceAndong National University, and Kyonggi University in South Korea looked at the anti-proliferative effect and the induction of apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cells mechanism of C. cassia twigs.
The research team also used the extracts of Cinnamomum cassia twigs in the study. They used an MTT asssay to assessed the anti-cell proliferative effect of C. cassia twigs. In order to evaluate the change of protein or mRNA level by the extracts, they used Western blot and RT-RCR, respectively.
The promoter construct for activating transcription factor (ATF3), NF-κB, TOP-FLASH or FOP-FLASH was used for the study of the transcriptional activity for ATF3, NF-κB or Wnt; while siRNA for ATF3 or p65 was used for the knockdown of ATF3 and p65.

CONCLUSION
the researchers concluded that Cinnamomum cassia twigs reduced the cell viability in human colorectal cancer cells. It also decreased cyclin D1 protein level by proteasomal degradation and transcriptional inhibition, suppressing cell proliferation. It may also induce apoptosis by ROS-dependent NF-κB and ATF3 activation. As a result, these effects may help in the reduction of cell viability in human colorectal cancer cells.
The result of the research shows that the extracts of Cinnamomum cassia twigs could potentially be a therapeutic agent for the development of colorectal cancer treatments.

Thursday, 14 June 2018

7 procedures to use onions for hair growth

How to use onions for hair growth?
PROCEDURES
1. Peel and chop 2-3 onions and create a paste of it either by using a blender or processor. Grating is also ideal. The basic idea here is to get the juice out of it.
2. Once you have the onion juice, apply it directly to your scalp with gentle massage. You can also use a cotton towel or cotton ball to take the juice and place it on your head. The process is so simple that anyone, of any age, can do it without much effort.
3. The smell of onions is strong. Therefore, it is recommended to get this treatment at night or on weekends to avoid embarrassment and use some mild hair perfume if needed.
4. Keep the juice longer on hair because, the longer you keep the juice on your hair, the better it is. Usually, it takes about half an hour to one hour for the hair and scalp to absorb the essence of the juice. So it can be considered as the ideal period to keep the juice.
5. You can use a plastic bag to cover your head for better results. After that, rinse your hair and scalp with a lot of lukewarm water and use a chemical-free shampoo to remove the juice. For best results, do this process at least 3 times a week for a couple of months.
5. Do it for like 2 months. Though, seem to be a long time, but we are not looking for a quick fix that would only last for few days. We are looking to achieve a long-term solution for hair loss, and that won’t come easy.
6. A quick fix is like a crash diet. You would feel like you have lost weight, but once you start eating normal, all that lost weight plus some more will come back.
7. To achieve long-term results, you have to keep doing it and put in the necessary effort. After all, it is just about mashing some onions!l

Top 12 benefits of eating white rice

 

Rice is a staple food in a lot of cultures. In India too, a balanced meal consists of rice, roti, dal, sabzi, soup or salad. In the recent times, however, due to fads, we sense an aversion towards rice. Here are the health benefits of rice listed down by Pavithra. N. Raj, Dietician Executive, Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Yeshwanthpur. 
Provides Energy – it acts as fuel for the body and aids in the normal functioning of the brain.
Prevents Obesity – Low levels of fat, cholesterol, and sodium also help reduce obesity.
Gluten-free – Rice naturally does not contain any gluten and hence, causes no inflammation in the gut. This means that people suffering from celiac disease can easily include it in their diet.
Controls Blood Pressure – Rice is low in sodium, so it is considered one of the best foods for those suffering from hypertension.
Prevents Cancer – Whole grain variety of brown rice, is rich in insoluble fiber that helps protect against many types of cancer.
Skin Care – powdered rice can be applied topically to cure skin conditions. rice water is readily prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners as an effective ointment to cool off inflamed skin surfaces.
Prevents Alzheimer’s Disease – Brown rice is said to contain high levels of nutrients that stimulate the growth and the activity of neurotransmitters, subsequently helping in preventing Alzheimer’s disease to a considerable extent.
Diuretic and Digestive Qualities – The husk of rice is considered to be an effective medicine to treat dysentery. As a diuretic, it helps you eliminate toxins from the body like uric acid, and even lose weight.
Improves Metabolism – Rice is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals like niacin, vitamin D, calcium, fiber, iron, thiamine, and riboflavin. These vitamins provide the foundation for the body’s metabolism, immune system health, and general functioning of the organs.
Boosts Cardiovascular Health – Rice bran oil is known to have antioxidant properties that promote cardiovascular strength by reducing cholesterol levels in the body.
Relieves IBS – Rice has resistant starch, which reaches the bowels and stimulates the growth of useful bacteria that help with normal bowel movements. Also, this insoluble rice is very useful in reducing the effects of conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and diarrhea.
Other Benefits – Rice can prevent chronic constipation. The insoluble fiber in it acts like a soft sponge that may be pushed through the intestinal tract quickly and easily. Brown rice and whole grains are known to be rich in insoluble fiber.
thehealthsite.com

Wednesday, 13 June 2018

Suicide rates increased by 25% across the United States over nearly two decades

According to research published Thursday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide rates increased by 25% across the United States over nearly two decades ending in 2016. Twenty-five states experienced a rise in suicides by more than 30%.

In 2016 alone, about 45,000 lives were lost to suicide.
What is more confusing is that more than half of those who died by suicide had not been diagnosed with a mental health condition, said Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the CDC.
"These findings are disturbing. Suicide is one of the top 10 causes of death in the US right now, and it's one of three causes that is actually increasing recently, so we do consider it a public health problem -- and something that is all around us," Schuchat said. The other two top 10 causes of death that are on the rise are Alzheimer's disease and drug overdoses, she noted.

"Our data show that the problem is getting worse," Schuchat said.

Advocating Pill, U.S. Signals Shift to Prevent AIDS

Federal health officials recommended Wednesday that hundreds of thousands of Americans at risk for AIDS take a daily pill that has been shown to prevent infection with the virus that causes it.
If broadly followed, the advice could transform AIDS prevention in the United States — from reliance on condoms, which are effective but unpopular with many men, to a regimen that relies on an antiretroviral drug.
It would mean a 50-fold increase in the number of prescriptions for the drug, Truvada — to 500,000 a year from fewer than 10,000. The drug costs $13,000 a year, and most insurers already cover it.
The guidelines tell doctors to consider the drug regimen, called PrEP, for pre-exposure prophylaxis, for gay men who have sex without condoms; heterosexuals with .... To read more , click here

Galactosemia disease: types, symptoms and treatment

Definition

Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose (a sugar contained in milk, including human mother’s milk) to glucose (a different type of sugar). The disorder is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) which is vital to this process. Early diagnosis and treatment with a lactose-free diet are absolutely essential to avoid profound intellectual disability, liver failure and death in the newborn period.
Galactosemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic condition. Classic galactosemia and clinical variant galactosemia can both result in life-threatening health problems unless treatment is started shortly after birth. 

Galactosemia was first “discovered” in 1908. Von Ruess, in a 1908 publication entitled, “Sugar Excretion in Infancy,” reported on a breastfed infant with failure to thrive, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and “galactosuria”.
This infant ceased to excrete galactose through the urine when milk products were removed from the diet. The infant, however, later died because of other complications (the baby had been given tea laced with cognac as treatment as well). An autopsy revealed cirrhosis of the liver, which they thought was due to the infant’s alcohol ingestion. Though confirmation of the diagnosis was not possible at that time, it has been generally accepted that Von Ruess was the first to report on a patient with galactosemia.
By 1917, “galactosuria” was a broadly recognized inherited disorder and was treated by removal of milk products from the diet.

Epidemiology

Galactosemia is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder that occurs in approximately 1 in 30,000 births. The incidence of the Duarte variant of the classic form of galactosemia is estimated at 1 in 16,000 births. Galactosemia can occur in all ethnic groups; however, some mutations of the genes can cause a less severe form of the disease and is more commonly seen in individuals of African and Asian descents.

Types

Galactosemia type I, also referred to as classic galactosemia, is the most threatening of all and infants suffering from this condition may even develop life-threatening complications within just a few days of birth unless the infant is put on a low-galactose diet. Affected babies will display a whole range of worrying symptoms and will also most likely have delayed development problems as they grow. One risk that is common to all three types of galactosemia is the risk of developing cataracts of the eye.
Galactosemia type II is a lot less problematic, with fewer and less severe symptoms and it also poses a lower risk of long-term complications. Cataract is the only major long-term risk.
Galactosemia type III can cause symptoms that vary greatly in severity and affected infants may experience developmental problems, delayed growth, and other complications.

Risk factors

  • Galactosemia is inherited; the only known risk factor is a family history of the disorder. Galactosemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Individuals have two copies of most genes, one inherited from the father and one from the mother.
  • To inherit a recessive genetic disorder, an individual must receive two copies of the defective gene for the disease to appear.
  • People who have only one mutated gene are called “carriers.” If only one parent is a carrier, none of the children will have galactosemia, but each child will have a 50% chance of being a carrier; if both parents are carriers, then each child has a 50% chance of being a carrier, a 25% chance of not inheriting either mutated gene, or a 25% chance of having galactosemia.

Causes

  • Galactosemia is an inherited condition that is caused by mutations in certain genes. It isn’t horribly common and there is a 25% chance of a baby being born with the condition if both parents carry the mutated genes.
  • There are three genes responsible and these include the GALE, GALK1, and GALT genes. These genes contain the code or set of instructions for the production of enzymes that are needed to process and break down galactose in the body.
  • In a healthy child, these enzymes would break down galactose into glucose and other simple sugars that can be utilized by the body as energy.
  • While abnormalities in the GALT gene are responsible for classic galactosemia or galactosemia type I, GALK1 mutations cause galactosemia type II and GALE mutations cause galactosemia type III.

Symptoms

Infants with galactosemia may develop symptoms in the first days of life if they consume milk or milk powder containing lactose. These symptoms may be caused by severe blood infection with the bacterium E-coli and can be:
  • Convulsions
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy
  • Child’s refusal to eat milk
  • An insignificant increase in weight
  • Jaundice
  • Vomiting
  • Aminoaciduria
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Ascites
  • Hypoglycemia
Children with galactosemia are often given a galactosemia diet at birth, but there is still a risk of complication long-terms.
  • An enlarged liver
  • Kidney failure
  • Cataracts in the eyes
  • Brain damage
  • Difficulty with speech and language
  • Fine and gross motor skill delays
  • Learning disabilities
  • Ovarian failure may occur in gymptoms 

Complications

These complications can develop:
  • Cataracts
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Delayed speech development
  • Irregular menstrual periods, reduced function of ovaries leading to ovarian failure
  • Mental disability
  • Severe infection with bacteria ( Colisepsis)
  • Tremors (shaking) and uncontrollable motor functions
  • Death (if there is galactose in the diet)
iagnosis and test
A diagnosis of Galactosemia would involve:
  • Physical exam with evaluation of medical history; neonates are usually screened for this disorder if the physician suspects the same
  • Urine and blood exam – blood sugar and plasma, amino acid analysis
  • Blood culture test, to detect any infection (due to bacteria)
  • Genetic tests and analysis for mutations, in order to determine the exact type of the condition
  • Prenatal exams, in order to measure certain enzymes
Many clinical conditions may have similar signs and symptoms. Your healthcare provider may perform additional tests to rule out other clinical conditions to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.
Doctors, while diagnosing this condition, usually look for signs like:
  • Enlarged liver (hepatomegaly)
  • Amino acids in the blood plasma and/or urine (aminoaciduria)
  • Presence of abdominal fluids (ascites)
  • Low blood sugar (Hypoglycemia)

Treatment and medications

Currently, there is no drug or medication that could treat galactosemia. Treatment requires a strict diet restriction of lactose/galactose. People with this condition must avoid all milk, products that contain milk (including dry milk), and other foods that contain galactose, for life. Read product labels to make sure you or your child with the condition are not eating foods that contain galactose.
Parents of an infant diagnosed with galactosemia need to use a formula that does not contain galactose. Infants can be fed:
  • Soy formula
  • Another lactose-free formula
  • Meat-based formula or Nutramigen (a protein hydrolysate formula)
  • Calcium supplements are recommended
Even after switching to non-galactose formula, your child may still have sepsis if they have ingested galactose food before. The antibiotic is usually used to prevent sepsis in children.
A person with this condition can never able to digest food with galactose. However, with care and continuing medical advances, most children with galactosemia can now live normal lives

Prevention

  • Galactosemia, like other genetic disorders, cannot be prevented but there are things that parents can do if they have a family history of the disease.
  • It would be a good idea for couples to consult genetic counselors to determine if they are carriers and if there is any risk to the child.
  • Genetic counseling is required for other family members if Galactosemia has been diagnosed. In many states, newborns are screened for Galactosemia. If you reside in any of these states and the condition is suspected in your child, stop giving him/her milk products.

Source: diseasesdic.com

Is Truvada, the Pill to Prevent H.I.V., 99 Percent Effective? Don’t Be So Sure

Truvada, the once-a-day pill to help keep people from contracting H.I.V., is on the cover of this week’s New York magazine, and Tim Murphy’s cover story focuses on how the pill is changing sex by drastically reducing gay men’s fear of infection.
It’s not hard to see why: Mr. Murphy writes, “When taken every day, it’s been shown in a major study to be up to 99 percent effective.” This is a claim I hear thrown around a lot among gay men in New York. And it’s wrong. The 99 percent figure isn’t a study finding; it’s a statistical estimate, based on a number of assumptions that are reasonable, but debatable.
Here’s how the estimate was reached: A major study of men who have sex with men, called iPrEx, found that H.I.V.-negative men who were prescribed daily Truvada were 44 percent less likely to contract the virus than those who were given a placebo. But a great many of the subjects did not take their prescribed medication regularly, or at all. Of 48 iPrEx subjects who were assigned to take Truvada and contracted H.I.V. anyway, just four had any detectable level of the drug in their system when they were diagnosed, indicating a 92 percent red... Read full article here

As more drug that prevents H.I.V. infection are roll out, the more the reduction in condom

According to a research, as more drug that prevents H.I.V. infection are roll out, the more the reduction in condom use among gay and bisexual men in Australia, according to a study published in the journal Lancet H.I.V.
The drug was so effective that H.I.V. infection rates in the study region declined.
During the rapid distribution of a drug that prevents infection — a strategy called pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP — among gay and bisexual men in Australia, researchers found that unprotected sex increased even among those not on PrEP, suggesting that perceptions of risk had declined in communities where the drug was widely available.
“Safe sex is basically transformed by PrEP,” said Martin Holt, a researcher at University of New South Wales in Sydney, who led the study.
“It’s great that these guys are feeling optimistic about avoiding H.I.V., but it has disrupted prevention methods at a community level.”
The daily pill is highly effective in combating H.I.V. infection and is recommended for at-risk populations, such as gay men and intravenous drug users, according to the World Health Organization.

More Americans are taken drugs that can lead to depressions

There are more than 200 common medications sold in the U.S. include depression as a potential side effect. Sometimes, the risk stems from taking several drugs at the same time. A study has found that people who take these medicines are, in fact, more likely to be depressed.
These drugs includes the commonly taken medications. Among them are certain types of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (used to treat acid reflux), beta blockers, anxiety drugs, painkillers including ibuprofen, ACE inhibitors (used to treat high blood pressure), and anti-convulsant drugs.
"The more of these medications you're taking, the more likely you are to report depression," says study author Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University.

Tuesday, 12 June 2018

It is possible to use curcumin to augment the ability of ceramic bone scaffolds to increase bone growth

According to researchers from Washington State University (WSU), it is possible to combine natural remedies with advanced biomedical devices, using curcumin to augment the ability of ceramic bone scaffolds to increase bone growth.
Susmita Bose, Herman and Brita Lindholm Endowed Chair Professor in WSU’s School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, and her team coated 3D printed ceramic bone scaffolds with curcumin, a compound found in turmeric.

The researchers noted that after the application of curcumin, the bone-growing capabilities of ceramic bone scaffolds increased by 30 to 45 percent. Their observations also indicated higher numbers and quality of bone cells and blood vessels in surrounding tissues. The cells also recovered from injury faster.
The study’s findings offer hope to people in the U.S. who suffer from injuries, as well as those who have osteoporosis and other bone-related conditions.
In a lifetime, a person goes through continuous bone growth and remodeling. With age, the process declines and bone quality drops. This is what puts older people at a higher risk of falls and bone fractures.
Osteoporosis, characterized by the gradual loss of bone density, is one of the most common bone-related conditions afflicting the elderly. Figures from 2016 reveal that more than 5% of men and more than 24% of women above 65 years have osteoporosis.

12 best foods to burn fat and build lean muscle


1. Spice things up
Start incorporating cinnamon, cayenne pepper and ginger into your daily recipes and you’ll reap the benefits. “They have a thermogenic effect, which increases energy expenditure and fat oxidation and reduces your body’s propensity to store fat by regulating insulin levels,” says nutritionist Matt Lovell. A teaspoon of cinnamon or 14g cayenne pepper is enough to rev up your system.
2. Go, go coco
Not only is coconut oil three times more effective than other oils at revving your metabolism, according to the Journal of Endocrinology, it also elevates muscle-strengthening growth hormones for four hours. Add a spoonful to your smoothie before you hit the gym and load those guns.
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1. Spice things up
Start incorporating cinnamon, cayenne pepper and ginger into your daily recipes and you’ll reap the benefits. “They have a thermogenic effect, which increases energy expenditure and fat oxidation and reduces your body’s propensity to store fat by regulating insulin levels,” says nutritionist Matt Lovell. A teaspoon of cinnamon or 14g cayenne pepper is enough to rev up your system.
2. Go, go coco
Not only is coconut oil three times more effective than other oils at revving your metabolism, according to the Journal of Endocrinology, it also elevates muscle-strengthening growth hormones for four hours. Add a spoonful to your smoothie before you hit the gym and load those guns.

3. Grain power
Innocuous-looking enough, but quinoa has a secret – it’s packed with a naturally occurring steroid called ecdysterone. Think steroids are just for meatheads? Think again. The more lean mass (read: muscle) you have, the more of a kilojoule-burning powerhouse you become – even when you’re just sitting around watching series. A diet high in both ecdysterone and protein can increase muscle mass by 7%. Pair your quinoa with chicken or lean red meat three times a week for a lean – but not bulky – physique.
4. Say cheese
Reacquaint yourself with cottage cheese. Not only is it a great low-fat, high-protein diet food, it’s also a rich source of calcium, which your muscles need a constant supply of to be able to contract (more cheese = more burpees). Yes, it will feel like you’re in ‘80s diet nirvana (put on some leg warmers to complete the picture), but a serving of this retro dairy product contains 1 833mg of tyrosine. Research carried out by the US Army showed that tyrosine can improve cognitive performance in stressful situations. You may not be going to war, but mountain climbers can be stressful, no?
5. Tune in to turmeric
“Turmeric is a wonder spice that helps burn fat and reduce muscle soreness, but it can also have beneficial effects on your mood,” says sports scientist Tim Lawson. A study in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, Nutrition and Metabolism revealed that the curcumin found in the spice revved alertness within 60 minutes, so you can hit that HIIT class in storming form.
6. Get hot, not heavy
Capsaicin, the compound that gives chillies their kick, spikes metabolism, which can help you melt additional kilojoules. You can get it by eating raw, cooked, dried or powdered chillies. Add to soup, eggs and meat.
7. Spoon a lotta ricotta
Booked into an evening kettlebell class? Eat a dollop of ricotta before you leave the office. The creamy cheese contains the amino acid glutamine, which can raise levels of human growth hormone (HGH) within 90 minutes, according to a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. This means that you’ll get more effective lean muscle gains from that class. In short – why, hello abs!
8. Peanut butter up
Yes, ol’ PB may have a drawback – it’s high in kilojoules – but it’s packed with heart-healthy monounsaturated fats and protein that can increase your body’s production of testosterone, which can help your muscles grow and melt fat. Practically speaking, it also works as a versatile snack when hunger strikes. Limit yourself to just a couple of tablespoons a day and look out for an all-natural and sugar-free variety.

9. Celery for energy
There are 250mg of nitrates in 100g of celery. Nitrates widen your blood vessels, sending oxygen to your muscles, increasing time to exhaustion by 17%. Studies show you need to consume 300 to 500mg of nitrates pre-workout. Can’t stomach celery? There are more than 400mg of nitrates in 100g spinach, while 500ml beetroot juice boasts 500mg.
10. We scream for goats
Stressed? If you find yourself skipping the gym for a glass of nerve-calming wine far too often, start splashing goat’s milk into your smoothies. The amino acid tryptophan is an essential precursor for mood-boosting serotonin and goat’s milk boasts more of the stuff than the bovine alternative. It also helps you unwind if a workout has left you wired.

11. Olive it up
Kalamata olives are a top source of the polyphenol hydroxytyrosol, which helps convert fuel into energy, according to Lawson. Add 10 olives to your salad at lunch. It’ll also give you 2.7g monounsaturated fats to feed your evening workouts.
12. Three cheers for chia
Chia seeds are a weight-loss superhero. “High-fibre chia seeds up your satiety and slow carb absorption,” Lovell says. Ideal, since an excess of carbs (like that cheeky pizza, perhaps) is stored as fat. Whizz some with watermelon for a pre-gym smoothie. The seeds also help guard against dehydration, while watermelon has been shown to increase performance. Winning at life.

3. Grain power
Innocuous-looking enough, but quinoa has a secret – it’s packed with a naturally occurring steroid called ecdysterone. Think steroids are just for meatheads? Think again. The more lean mass (read: muscle) you have, the more of a kilojoule-burning powerhouse you become – even when you’re just sitting around watching series. A diet high in both ecdysterone and protein can increase muscle mass by 7%. Pair your quinoa with chicken or lean red meat three times a week for a lean – but not bulky – physique.
4. Say cheese
Reacquaint yourself with cottage cheese. Not only is it a great low-fat, high-protein diet food, it’s also a rich source of calcium, which your muscles need a constant supply of to be able to contract (more cheese = more burpees). Yes, it will feel like you’re in ‘80s diet nirvana (put on some leg warmers to complete the picture), but a serving of this retro dairy product contains 1 833mg of tyrosine. Research carried out by the US Army showed that tyrosine can improve cognitive performance in stressful situations. You may not be going to war, but mountain climbers can be stressful, no?
5. Tune in to turmeric
“Turmeric is a wonder spice that helps burn fat and reduce muscle soreness, but it can also have beneficial effects on your mood,” says sports scientist Tim Lawson. A study in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, Nutrition and Metabolism revealed that the curcumin found in the spice revved alertness within 60 minutes, so you can hit that HIIT class in storming form.

6. Get hot, not heavy
Capsaicin, the compound that gives chillies their kick, spikes metabolism, which can help you melt additional kilojoules. You can get it by eating raw, cooked, dried or powdered chillies. Add to soup, eggs and meat.
7. Spoon a lotta ricotta
Booked into an evening kettlebell class? Eat a dollop of ricotta before you leave the office. The creamy cheese contains the amino acid glutamine, which can raise levels of human growth hormone (HGH) within 90 minutes, according to a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. This means that you’ll get more effective lean muscle gains from that class. In short – why, hello abs!
8. Peanut butter up
Yes, ol’ PB may have a drawback – it’s high in kilojoules – but it’s packed with heart-healthy monounsaturated fats and protein that can increase your body’s production of testosterone, which can help your muscles grow and melt fat. Practically speaking, it also works as a versatile snack when hunger strikes. Limit yourself to just a couple of tablespoons a day and look out for an all-natural and sugar-free variety.

9. Celery for energy
There are 250mg of nitrates in 100g of celery. Nitrates widen your blood vessels, sending oxygen to your muscles, increasing time to exhaustion by 17%. Studies show you need to consume 300 to 500mg of nitrates pre-workout. Can’t stomach celery? There are more than 400mg of nitrates in 100g spinach, while 500ml beetroot juice boasts 500mg.
10. We scream for goats
Stressed? If you find yourself skipping the gym for a glass of nerve-calming wine far too often, start splashing goat’s milk into your smoothies. The amino acid tryptophan is an essential precursor for mood-boosting serotonin and goat’s milk boasts more of the stuff than the bovine alternative. It also helps you unwind if a workout has left you wired.

11. Olive it up
Kalamata olives are a top source of the polyphenol hydroxytyrosol, which helps convert fuel into energy, according to Lawson. Add 10 olives to your salad at lunch. It’ll also give you 2.7g monounsaturated fats to feed your evening workouts.
12. Three cheers for chia
Chia seeds are a weight-loss superhero. “High-fibre chia seeds up your satiety and slow carb absorption,” Lovell says. Ideal, since an excess of carbs (like that cheeky pizza, perhaps) is stored as fat. Whizz some with watermelon for a pre-gym smoothie. The seeds also help guard against dehydration, while watermelon has been shown to increase performance. Winning at life.
This article was originally published on www.womenshealthsa.co.za

3 ways to make your hair grow fuller and longer

According to hair myths, adding relaxer to your hair will make your hair automatically grow longer and fuller. On the contrary, relaxed hai...