9 childhood killer diseases and how to immunize your baby against them

A child 1825 days are vital to the longterm health performance as the
child grows from infancy to adulthood. The child should be properly
taken care of during the 9 months in the womb and this care should be
more intensive even after birth till in the next 4 years in order to
save the child from future health issues like heart attack, kidney
problem and other childhood killer diseases.
This article will discuss 9 childhood killer diseases along with the
necessary medication a new born must take until he turns at least 5
years old to prevent against these illness.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria usually infects the respiratory tract such as the nose and
throat and infect through bacteria in the coughs or sneezes of a
person who has the disease.

Symptoms
Sore throat, swollen glands, weakness, fever, grey material covering
the back of the throat etc

Effect
Diphtheria can destroy the kidneys, heart and nervous system.
It kills about 10% of patients.

Treatment
Appropriate vaccine should be taken before and after infection.

Polio

Polio affects the nervous system. It is caused by a virus, affects
children under five years of age and can cause total paralysis within
hours.

Symptoms
Fever, fatigue, pain in the limbs, stiffness in the neck, vomiting, headache etc

Effects
Kill about 5 to 10% of patients.
One over 200 infections lead to permanent paralysis of the legs.

Treatment
Total prevention through vaccine.

Rotavirus

A deadly disease associated with diarrhoea illness.

Symptoms
Vomiting and diarrhoea

Effects
Children under 2 years face the greatest risk of death from the
dehydrating effect of vomiting and diarrhoea.

Treatment
Rotavirus vaccines should be taken especially in the first two years
of baby's life.

Measles

Is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus.

Symptoms
Unpleasantness, high body temperature, fever etc

Effects
It can lead to blindness and death among young children.

Treatment
Proper vaccine should be taken before and after infection.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus and is an highly
infectious inflammatory disease of the liver

Effects
Death from cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer.

Treatment
Taken of hepatitis B injection or vaccines before and after infection.

Pneumonia

It is a respiratory infection as it affect the lungs and is the world
largest killer of infants.

Symptoms
Painful breathing through limited oxygen intake.

Effects
It accounts for 18% of deaths of infants worldwide as it kills
estimated 1.2 million children under the age of 5 years on an annual
basis.

Treatment
Adequate nutrition, neat surrounding, immunization and taken of
antibiotics after infection.

Whooping cough
It is a highly Infectious bacteria illness of the respiratory system
that causes intense coughing.

Symptoms
Uncontrollable coughing

Effects
More common and dangerous for infants.

Treatment
It can be prevented and treated with vaccines.

Tuberculosis

This is a high chronic and infections disease that infects the lungs

Symptoms
Uncontrollable and intensive coughing.
Loss of weight.

Effect
It can lead to hunch back I.e the bending of the spine and is highly
deadly particularly after continuous vomiting of blood.

Treatment
Proper vTetanusaccine should be given to infants between 1-5 years of
life before and after infections.

Tetanus

This is one of the most popular illness affecting infants. It is
usually hard to cure if it has lead to serious complications.

Symptoms
Muscle spasms starting from the jaw muscles to all part of the body.
Seizure-like activity in the body which can lead to death.

Effect
It can kill within short period of infection.

Treatment
It is advisable that parent adhere to government policy of given
tetanus vaccines to infants as at when due.

Conclusion
Parents should start caring for their baby right from the day of
conception and continues until the child is two to five years old to
help the baby survive childhood killer diseases and grow to a healthy
adult. Therefore, proper vaccines against childhood killer diseases
such as pneumonia, polio, tetanus, diarrhoea e.t.c should be given to
the child before infection.

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